Commonly called Bunion Surgery or bunionectomy, exostectomy is a treatment done in order to remove part of the metatarsal bone, which is protruding and may be hurting or bothering the patient on a daily basis.

What is Exostectomy?

Exostectomy is the resection of a bony prominence that is on the surface of the bone, producing a protrusion that puts pressure and bothers the patient. Unlike Osteotomy that we’ve already explained here in our blog, which is a surgery in which the bone is fractured using a saw or chisel to realign the bone and correct any congenital deformity or because of some external factor. Although they are different procedures, exostectomy is typically performed in conjunction with osteotomy.

Post-Surgical Instructions

Following the surgeon’s post-surgical instructions exactly is the best thing for a positive outcome. These may vary according to the procedure, but it is very important to be careful and follow some tips:

  • Dressing care to ensure your toe remains in the correct position and the area stays dry, preventing proliferation of bacteria or fungi;
  • Apply ice or cold packs;
  • Elevate the foot for the first few days;
  • Exercises to build strength and improve range of motion, like physical therapy;
  • Keep weight off the foot;
  • Take medication that helps manage pain;
  • Wear shoes that protect the area and prevent new bunions from forming;

The time needed to recover from bunion surgery varies depending on the procedure. However, you should expect a full recovery to take between 6 and 12 months.

What is a Bunion?

Considered by experts one of the most common orthopedic conditions in the foot region, a bunion is an alteration that deviates the big toe towards the other toes of the patient’s foot, causing its bone, called the metatarsal, to also create a deviation to the inside the foot, resulting in an often painful prominence.

Although affected people are very concerned about the aesthetic part, especially because the problem affects 10 times more women than men due to the use of tight shoes or high heels,  it can lead to a series of consequences capable of interfering with the quality of life of those affected.

In addition, as the feet are our center of balance, and the condition causes abnormalities in the way we step, it can evolve and change the functioning of other joints, such as the spine, knees, ankle and even the hip.