What is Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is an inflammatory or degenerative process in the plantar fascia that causes heel pain. 

It happens in the band of tissues that run across the bottom of each foot and connect the heel bone to the toes. 

Causes and Risk Factors

The plantar fascia absorbs shock whenever you walk. When there are tension and stress on the fascia, it causes small tears, and with repeated stretch and tear, the fascia can get irritated or inflamed. 

It’s also related by the natural degenerative process of the body that can change the body’s and also the plantar fascia’s structure. 


What are the most common risk factors? 

There are a few risk factor of this condition that you may need to pay attention, including:

  • Age: people with 40 or 60 years of age are more likely to develop this condition, in both genres;
  • Weight: more specifically overweight people;
  • Sports: running, ballet, gymnastics are in a higher risk;
  • High heels;
  • Flat feet: this condition changes the way the body’s weight is distributed in the body;
  • Achilles tendon shortening, that connects the calf muscles with the heel bones. 



Usually the symptoms of plantar fasciitis are stabbing pain in the feet that often occurs in the first steps in the morning. As the day passes and you get up and move, the pain may decrease, but may return after periods of standing, even after a long rest.

Another common symptoms are swelling and redness in the plantar fascia. Patients with this condition may present 

Without the right treatment, the pain can become chronic and change all the body’s structures, reverting in knee and hips injuries. 


With plantar fasciitis, the goal is to reduce inflammation, alleviate the pain and help the patient to get back to the daily routine. 

The most common treatments are more conservative and include resting, RICE method and physical therapy sessions to promote wellbeing. 

Sometimes the treatment may include NSAIDs and botox application in the areas. Surgery is only indicated when all the other resources are not showing results anymore. 

Diagnose and prevention

How to diagnose plantar fasciitis? 

Is a clinical diagnosis that counts the symptoms and risk factors. Besides that, x-rays and ultrasounds can be useful to establish the right condition. 


How to avoid plantar fasciitis? 

There are a few measures that may prevent the occurrence of plantar fasciitis: 

  • Avoid gaining weight fast: obesity is a extra overcharge in your feet’s structures, specially in plantar fascia;
  • Stretch the muscles and ligaments before and after any physical activity;
  • Avoid walking barefoot or in the stip of your toes in strict places;
  • Avoid wearing high heels in the daily basis and for long periods of time;
  • Start using shoes that have the proper damping to absorb impact and guarantee the right balance. 

If you suffer from plantar fasciitis pain, come to Pathak Podiatry to start the right treatment right now!

Contact us by clicking here.